Culture | Education

Education in Kleinwalsertal

Fink and Klenze report in 1891: “ After intensive research throughout the Kleinwalsertal we can also judge the early education and there have always been excellent men that were able to write and calculate as representitives of the people. Documents from the 15th, 16th and 17th century proved this…books from the Zwerenalp dating back to 1574, from Wilden 1601, Kühgehren 1605, Mittelwestegg 1617, Hennenalpe 1622, Öde 1641, Küren 1657 and Bärgunt 1661 show us many writings…throughout all these books there were very little signs (+) but several nice handwritings and initials.”


In 1891, Fink and Klenze report that the few who were able to read and write represented the people before officials. The first schools were founded, i.e. donations or farming rights allowed for the children to be taught for free. Classes took place as long as the interest of the foundation’s capital was sufficient. This systems worked without any intervention from the state but merely from the populations own drive. The eldest account for a school is from 1642 when the principal Christian Jochum is said to get married in Mittelberg. In 1683, Johannes Elsässer, blacksmith in Bödmen recounts that he started school on 11 January with 36 other school children.  There is a document from 1716 from the school in Mittelberg about the one in Hirschegg saying that the school’s capital was donated and the children had to be taught free of charge.

With the enactment of 20 October 1781, the state startet intervening in the schooling system.


From 1788 on several schools were found. In 1891, the municipality Mittelberg counted seven schools in Baad, Bödmen, Mittelberg, Hirschegg, Riezlern, Wäldele and Schwende.


In 2006, there are primary schools in the localities Mittelberg, Hirschegg and Riezlern whereas the latter also contains a secondary as well as special school.

 (Literature: Fink und Klenze, Der Mittelberg, 1891)

 The "Alp-Book" of Lüchle, written 1622

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